SVO vs SVC

S V  O
SUBJECT VERB OBJECT
The ant carries a kernel of corn.
S V  C
SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT
The ant appears industrious.

When students encounter Subject+Verb+Object and Subject+Verb+Complement sentences for the first time, they can have trouble telling the two apart.

Here is a test.

Change each sentence into passive voice, and see what happens.

Corn is carried by the ant. (CORRECT)
Industrious is appeared by the ant. (INCORRECT)

Subject-Verb-Object sentences can be turned into passive voice sentences.

Subject-Verb-Complement sentences can’t.

Source:
Grammar for English Language Teachers 2nd edition by Martin Parrott, p 301.

AND SEE:
William J. Kerrigan’s X-1-2-3 method – all posts
SVO v. SVC
Class notes X-1-2-3
5 + 2: the 7 ‘canonical’ English sentences
10 basic sentence patterns in the English language
SM’s sophisticated SVOO sentence
DT’s astute observation (reflexive pronouns)

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