Best handouts, articles, quizzes & other resources

This page is a work in progress — and some of the links may have expired. If you have a moment to alert me to dead links in the Comment window below, that would be terrific. 
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My favorites thus far:

Fables, Folktales, Fairy tales, & Myths:
BIBLE: Appendix B: Supplement on Biblical Literacy Literacy — Core Knowledge
Foundation – Bible stories readers need to know in order to understand stories that
refer to the Bible (which many stories do)

Academic Word List: AWL by Averil Coxhead
COORDINATORS & SUBORDINATORS: Coordinators, subordinators,
and punctuation
 adapted from Connecting Words by Vincennes U
Why?) Do I Write in the Literary Present Tense? by Vanderbilt

EXEMPLAR ENGLISH PAPER: An award-winning English paper on
Katherine Mansfield’s “Miss Brill” w/instructor comments

INTRODUCTIONS: Writing Introductions | Indiana U (does not include
examples of introductions for English papers, unfortunately)
LANGUAGE FOR COLLEGE PAPERS: Words to use when introducing
a  quotation 
| Loyola U New Orleans
PARALLELISM: Parallelism in College papers, Comedy, and
from Butte College
PUNCTUATION: 2-page Punctuation Cheat Sheet from The Guardian
SENTENCES FOR COLLEGE PAPERS: 70 useful sentences for
academic writing
| Written by LUIZ OTÁVIO
THESIS STATEMENT: Analysis of the 3-part thesis statement in Jamie
Fast’s paper on “Miss Brill”

English language learners (ELL):
A self-teaching module on articles

Class handouts (t/k)

Parts of Speech: 8 +1 parts of speech – Huddleston & Pullum

Punctuating sentences
The reason students have trouble punctuating sentences is that sentence punctuation is based in sentence grammar, and sentence grammar hasn’t been taught in public schools for several decades now (for the most part).

To punctuate sentences correctly, you have to know the difference between:

Independent and dependent clauses (also called main and
subordinate clauses)
Restrictive and nonrestrictive modifiers (also called “essential” and

Because most students don’t know these distinctions, they try to punctuate by ear. Punctuating by ear is a fine idea as far as it goes; it’s the method I used for years, and I made few mistakes. But it’s far from foolproof, especially for anyone who is not a voracious reader, which I was and am.

Immediately below are the best handouts I’ve found to date on punctuating a) compound/complex sentences and b) restrictive vs. nonrestrictive modifiers.

Punctuating compound and complex sentences 

Independent & Dependent Clauses | Restrictive & Nonrestrictive
Clauses – Sierra CC – 6 pages

Punctuation Patterns | Pasadena City College
1-page list of sentence punctuation | Armstrong State U
Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences & Their Punctuation |
Loyola University New Orleans

Punctuating restrictive and nonrestrictive modifiers 

My boyfriend who plays the piano
Restrictive clauses – English E360 – U Texas
Commas | St. Louis CC


Academic writing
A terrific list of 70 “academic sentences” you can use in your own
writing. Compiled by LUIZ OTÁVIO & posted by Dean Ramser.
Academic Writer (Hong Kong course on academic writing)
Clearer Writing by the University of Sydney (excellent – although
some of the examples could be better)
Little Red SchoolhouseU Va course that originated at University
of Chicago, now moved online: “A Learning and Reference Tool
for Writers, Editors, and their Teachers”

Adverbial conjunctions (“fancy FANBOYS”)
Adverbial Conjunctions – Rio Hondo Community College



The Good Book’s Great Prose Lessons by Robert Alter
Three versions of the Book of Genesis
Why the King James Version Endures by Charles McGrath
Blessed Are the Phrasemakers by Christopher Hitchens
The Bible of King James by Adam Nicholson
The King James Bible Wikipedia
The Book of Genesis from The Bible and Its Influence

Writing Analytically – Chapter 6


Cheat sheet FOLSOM LAKE COLLEGE | pronouns, linking verbs,
adverbial conjunctions (“fancy FANBOYS”), relative pronouns,
subordinating conjunctions

Hudson & Barton on the effects of choice | 6/18/2004

Richard Nordquist defines the clause | | 4/3/2012
chompchomp on clauses

Cleft sentences
Richard & Barton look at cleft sentences | 12/2/2004

Coherence and cohesion
“‘Cohesive connectors’ at Chalk ‘n Talk | 4/28/2012
Cohesion: 3 main types | HUNTER COLLEGE

Conjunctive adverbs (transition words used with semicolon & comma)
Conjunctive adverbs | a list from Northern Illinois University

Coordination and subordination
Coordination & subordination explained (Regent U)
Coordinators & subordinators | 1-page (Regent U)


Terms at Grammar Bytes


English papers
Getting an A on an English Paper | Jack Lynch (Rutgers University)
Vocabulary for Literary Analysis (Texas State Writing Center)


Alphabetical Index of Fables (U. Mass)
Androcles and the Lion
D.L. Ashliman’s Folklore and Mythology Electronic Texts
James Thurber’s Country Mouse
Laura Gibbs on Aesop
Online fables
Welcome to Aesop’s Fables (U. Mass)
What is a fable?
Who is Aesop? (U. Mass)

Fairy Tales
D.L. Ashliman’s Folklore and Mythology Electronic Texts

D.L. Ashliman’s Folklore and Mythology Electronic Texts


Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Terms | Jack Lynch
..(Rutgers University)
The Literary Encyclopedia
Literary Terms and Definitions Compiled by Dr. Wheeler | Carson-
Newman College
Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms
Glossary of Literary Terms | Compiled by Mark Canada

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language – CGEL
A short overview of English Syntax by Rodney Huddleston
Grammar Hardware Store Phonology, Morphology, Lexicon, Syntax |
Compiled by Mark Canada
What is Grammar? by Sandy Chung and Geoff Pullum

Grammar Bytes
A 5-star site for traditional grammar: explanations, definitions,
exercises with answers and, on 9/18/2013, a MOOC.
Grammar Bytes Home page
Definitions – with succinct explanations & examples
Interactive exercises
Hard copy handouts of the same exercises
Grammar rules
Powerpoint presentations

Greek myths
D.L. Ashliman’s Folklore and Mythology Electronic Texts
We Are Who They Were by Mary K. Lefkowitz

Grimm’s fairy tales
What is a fairy tale?
Fairy Tales Have Ancient Origins: Popular fairy tales and folk stories
are more ancient than was previously thought, according research by
biologists. by Richard Grey, Science Correspondent | The Telegraph |
September 9, 2009
Louis Rhead illustrations for Grimm’s Fairy Tales
Fairy Tale History at the Kennedy Center
Brothers Grimm
7 editions of Grimm’s Fairy Tales
Rapunzel: 1812 v. 1857
Hansel & Gretel’s mother becomes a stepmother
Once Upon a Time: The Lure of the Fairy Tale | 2012 | The New Yorker
Practicing Medicine Can Be Grimm Work by Valerie Gribben
Throw Out the Rules! Read a Fairy Tale! by Verlyn Klinkenborg
Philip Pullman’s Twice-Told Tales by Maria Tatar
“a voice telling her that she was Cinderella”



Handouts: general
Germanna Community College Helpful Handouts  | 4/24/2012 |

Handouts: pronouns
Diana Hacker on Choosing between pronouns such as I and me
Pronoun case guidelines from Tidewater Community College

Handouts: introductions
Germanna College on the Introduction  | 4/24/2012


“Germanna College on the Introduction  | 4/24/2012
“Introductions in English papers – Norton’s LitWeb 4/25/2012
“Joseph Williams: advice for writing the introduction  4/9/2012




Literary present 
Literary Present – University of Richmond
How (and Why?) Do I Write in the Literary Present Tense? Vanderbil




Online academic writing instruction
Clearer Writing by the University of Sydney  (excellent – although some
of the examples could be better)
Little Red Schoolhouse – U Va course that originated at
University of Chicago, now moved online: “A Learning and Reference
Tool for Writers, Editors, and their Teachers”

Online exercises and quizzes
Big Dog Grammar – Self-tests w/answers in subjects, verbs, prepositions, fragments,
comma splices, run-ons, danglers, parallel structure, and more
CCC Quizzes – extensive exercises with explanations of answers
Interactive Quizzes by CCC – extensive exercises w/explanations of answers
English for Everyone – answers included
Free Rice – rice donations for every correct answer
Grammar at the English Page – extensive exercises with answers
Grammar Bytes – extensive exercises with answers
Handouts and quizzes at chompchomp with answers
OWL at Purdue – exercises with answers
PUNCTUATION – MIXED PRACTICE – Quiz by John Langan with answers
Towson – extensive online exercises with answers

Online quizzes and companion websites
Companion Website for An Introduction to English Grammar,
Third Edition
by Sidney Greenbaum & Gerald Nelson

Online tutorials
Guide to Library Research

Online typing course
Sense-lang typing tutorials

Academy of American Poets

The 8 basic punctuation patterns all college students need
to know
 (Pasadena City College)
6 basic punctuation rules from Northern Illinois University
“Degree of separation”: periods | semicolons, colons, dashes |

Punctuation Chart | includes appositives & shift in tone | 1-page (Regent University)

Online preposition quiz with/answers at Big Dog Grammar


“Restrictive vs nonrestrictive clauses – Online quiz with answers |

Restrictive versus nonrestrictive clauses | Excellent explanation
and quiz with answers
(more complex than the English4U exercise)
“Short Online quiz on prepositional phrases: adjective or adverb
w/answers  10/6/2012 
“University of Bristol Quizzes on multiple topics, with answers 
“Zaner-Bloser Strategies for Writers – 350 short grammar tests
with answers


Richard Hudson
Educational Linguistics
Some Recent Talks
Hudson & Barton columns
Hudson & Barton look at learnt versus learned | 11/12/2004


Sentences – 4 ways to combine clauses into sentences
Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-complex at OWL

Sierra College Handouts
Complete list of Sierra College writing handouts

Such as versus like
(“…in stories such as Cinderella” v. “…in stories like Cinderella”)

Richard Hudson and Geoff Barton look at “such” versus “like


Transition words
Transition words | HANDOUT (1 page) | Irondale High School
Transition words | HANDOUT (~150 transitional expressions)
..Central Missouri State U








Legal writing – Thurgood Marshall Law School “Legal Writing Tips”
The What and How of Legal Writing
Macro/Micro Organization…Using Marginalia
Developing a Didactic Style…Using Internal Cueing
Using Introductory “Set-Ups”
Using Thesis Statements
Using Writing Road Maps
Using Headings and Subheadings
Writing Good Paragraphs with Topic Sentences
Using Transitions Effectively
Dealing with Problems that Affect a Text’s Readability–The Overuse (or the Inadvertent Use) of the Passive Voice
Dealing with Problems of Sentence Length
Dealing with “Left-Handed” Sentences
Dealing with Faulty Parallelism
The Functional Roles of Sentences
A Quick Reference Guide to Make Page Numbers Line Up
Some Helpful Texts for Law Students: A Book to Help Deal with Legalese and a Booklet to Help Deal with Law School Stress
A Helpful New Text for Law Students: The New Edition of the AWLD Citation Manual is Released
Some Helpful Texts for Law Students: Writing a Legal Memo and Pass the Bar!
link blue on P2

The clearest, simplest, and most helpful handouts I’ve found thus far.

Link no longer works:
Adverbial Conjunctions – Rio Hondo Community College

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