INDEX OF ALL POSTS (& some links)

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166 posts to date | 8/5/2013

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Adverbs and adverbials
Adverbs and adverbials | 11/14/2012
SVA (Subject+Verb+Adverbial) sentences | 11/14/2012

Anaphora
A simple example of anaphora | 2/22/2013 
An anaphoric phrase that refers to an concept, not a thing | 9/29/2012
Anaphora in a two-sentence pair (short) | 9/29/2012
An example of anaphora in a paragraph from Greenbaum & Nelson’s An Introduction to English Grammar | 9/26/2012
Anaphora in Edgar Schuster’s passage on sentence fragments | 9/29/2012
Online anaphora demonstration | 3/21/2013

Appositives & appositive phrases
SY’s excellent use of appositives inside parentheses | 3/29/2014

Attendance
80% of success is showing up | 11/14/2012

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Bible
“And the ark went upon the face of the waters” |  4/29/2012
Book of Genesis – Biblical Literacy Project | 4/22/2012
The Good Book’s Great Prose Lessons (pdf file)

Books 
Writing Analytically – Chapter 6

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The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language – CGEL
A short overview of English Syntax by Rodney Huddleston

Clauses
Richard Nordquist defines the clause | 4/3/2012
Why we need to recognize clauses | 2/19/2014

Clauses & how to join them
Independent clauses – punctuation & list of FANBOYS & conjunctive adverbs – Sierra College (pdf file)
Independent clause (also called main clause) |  11/14/2012
Dependent clauses – punctuation & list of subordinators & relative pronouns – Sierra College (pdf file)

Coherence and Cohesion
A cohesive paragraph about paragraph cohesion | 4/25/2012
“Cohesive connectors” at Chalk ‘n Talk | 4/28/2012
Choppy sentences & what to do about them | 3/5/2012
Coherence test for papers |3/5/2012
Coherent paragraphs & the bride on her wedding day | 4/12/2012
Joseph Williams: 10 principles for writing coherently | 3/9/2012
Martha Kolln: 3 ways to write a cohesive paragraph | 3/30/2012
Martha Kolln defines cohesion | 11/12/2012
Known-new contract – Martha Kolln | 4/29/2012
Terrific “predicate-to-subject” cohesion by MC | 3/29/2014
The known-new contract, part 1 – U Colorado at Denver | 2/20/2014
The known-new contract, part 2 – U Colorado at Denver | 2/20/2014
Which paragraph is easier to read and why? 3/13/2012

Commas
Commas after introductory elements | 11/18/2012

Complex sentence
Complex sentence | 11/14/2012

Compound sentence
Compound sentences – how to punctuate | 11/18/2012

Concession
Conceding a point | 4/29/2012
Conceding a point using notwithstanding |  5/1/2012
Conceding a point using on the other hand | 8/25/2012
Concession words in Ben Bernanke’s speech 8/31/2012
Helen Keller uses “although” to concede a point | 9/8/2012
MO’s paragraph expressing concession | 4/29/2012
“The reader over your shoulder” | 4/29/2012
Concession words | 4/29/2012
Roddy Doyle uses “admittedly” to un-concede a point | 9/8/2012
SI uses nevertheless to concede a point | 10/19/2012

Conclusions
Conclusions: U of Richmond | 4/24/2012
Using the “so-what game” to write your conclusion | 9/9/2012

Coordination 
“Connecting words” and clauses and commas | 3/13/2012

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Danglers
Find the dangler | 12/1/2013
Find the dangler | 12/28/2013
Find the dangler | 2/9/2014
Find the dangler | 2/26/2014
Find the dangler | 3/9/2014
Find the dangler | 4/13/2014

Definitions
What is syntax? (very short) | 4/4/2012

Dog dog & Buffalo buffalo
Buffalo buffalo buffalo | 3/2/2012
The history of Buffalo buffalo | 3/2/2012
Dog dog | 3/2/2012
Grizzlies that grizzlies fight | 4/5/2012

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English 110 – Stories
A Good Man Is Hard to Find by Flannery O’Connor
A Rose for Emily by William Faulkner

English language learners (ELL)
For ELL students: a self-teaching module on articles | 3/30/2014

English papers
Present tense in English papers |  3/20/2012

Exemplary paragraphs
An exemplary paragraph by Frank D’Angelo |  9/26/2012 examplars
A paragraph that follows the “TEE” formula |  9/26/2012
Terrific explanation of a stand-alone paragraph | 4/5/2013

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Fables, folktales, fairy tales & more

Fables
Laura Gibbs on Aesop | 9/11/2012
The Mouse Who Went to the Country by James Thurber
Translating the fables | 2/17/2014

Fairy tales
D.L. Ashliman’s Grimm brothers | 4/3/2012
7 editions of Grimm’s Fairy Tales | 4/4/2012
Androcles and the Lion
Fairy Tales: readings | 10/21/2012
G.K. Chesterton on fairy tales | 10/31/2013
Hansel and Gretel | 11/26/2012
Jack Swann on myth, legend, and folktale | 12/25/2013
Marcia Lane on fairy tales, myths, and legends | 12/25/2013 
New pictures for old stories | 11/10/2013
Rapunzel: 1812 vs 1857 | 4/3/2012
Hallucinating fairy tales | 4/14/2012
Themes too large for adult fiction | 11/26/2012
What is a fairy tale – Catja | 11/26/2012

Fiction
What is fiction? | 9/23/2013

Fluency*fluency*
How fast is fast enough? | 9/5/2013
How fast should K-8 students be able to read out loud? 9/7/2013
Timing charts | 9/5/2013

Folktales
Zen Master (“The Lost Horse”) | 2/24/2014

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Grammar
Conjunction junction | 2/16/2014
A grammar illusion | 8/11/2012
The grammatical squirarchy by Richard Hudson & Geoff Barton 
If you’re trying to teach yourself grammar | 11/19/2012
“Open” and “closed” word classes | 10/3/2013
Why grammar is hard | 1/4/2014
Will this relationship last? (“function words” can predict) | 10/12/2013

Grammar glossaries
Grammar Q&A Archive – Pearson – Betty Azar

Greek myths
How the Greeks saw their gods | 11/28/2012

Grimm’s fairy tales
7 editions of Grimm’s fairy tales | 4/4/2012
Louis Rhead Illustrations for Grimm’s Fairy Tales | 4/13/2012

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Handouts
NOTE: Handouts are in the process of being transferred to the Articles, handouts, and quizzes page, so check there, too. (2/3/2013)
General
chompchomp
Germanna College Helpful Handouts 4/24/2012
Pronouns
Diana Hacker on Choosing between pronouns such as I and me (pdf file)
Pronoun case guidelines from Tidewater Community College (pdf file)
Introductions
Fun advice from a “veteran drudge” | 8/20/2013
Germanna College on the Introduction 4/24/2012

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Independent clause (also called main clause)
Independent clause | 11/14/2012

Introductions 
Excellent introduction by JG | 3/2/2014
Germanna College on the Introduction 4/24/2012
Introductions in English papers – Norton’s LitWeb | 4/25/2012
Joseph Williams: advice for writing the introduction | 4/9/2012

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Joseph Williams on writing
Joseph Williams: 10 principles for writing coherently | 3/9/2012
Joseph Williams: advice for writing the introduction  | 4/9/2012
Joseph Williams: DeLong summary of Style: Lessons in Clarity & Grace 4/9/2012

Jumbled sentence puzzles
Jumbled sentence – Churchill on British sentence | 9/29/2012
Jumbled sentence – Reed-Kellogg on good writing | 12/21/2012
Why do jumbled sentence puzzles? | 9/30/2012

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Known-new contract (or old-new contract)
Known-new contract – Martha Kolln | 4/29/2012

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Learning to write
A simple text reconstruction exercise | 9/23/2012
How Ben Franklin taught himself to write | 3/30/2012
JG’s text reconstruction | 9/26/2012

Linguistics
86,000 most frequently used words in English | 3/29/2014
Pop quiz (most used word) | 3/29/2014

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Misplaced modifiers
Abraham Lincoln’s magic carpet | 5/29/2012

Myths
Jack Swann on myth, legend, and folktale | 12/25/2013
Marcia Lane on fairy tales, myths, and legends | 12/25/2013 

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Oxford commas – ALL POSTS

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Paragraph development and elaboration
A simple scheme for a 5-paragraph essay, including elaboration | 9/26/2012
Academic paragraph structure (image) 3/21/2013
Ask Betty lists expressions that signal elaboration | 9/26/2012
Elaboration in a paragraph by NV | 4/25/2012
The ‘TEE’ paragraph for papers & the exit exam | 9/26/2012

Parts of speech
Parts of speech & classification papers | 9/6/2013

Parts of speech: How to identify 
(constituent tests)
Tests for nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, & prepositions | 4/5/2012

Passive voice
Happy passive voice day | 4/27/2012
Speaking of passive voice 4/27/2012

Pronouns
A question most students missed | 5/3/2012
Langan on pronouns, including pronoun case | 5/3/2012
“Mom knitted sweaters for Victor & me” (not Victor & I) |  5/4/2012
“My husband likes football more than I/me.” |  5/4/2012
Titles, character names, and pronouns | 11/16/2013

Punctuation
8 basic punctuation patterns all college students should know | 11/19/2012
A panda walks into a bar | 2/3/2012
Apostrophes explained by Germanna Community College | 2/20/2012
Apostrophe Abuse | 2/13/2012
Apostrophe Catastrophe | 2/13/2012
Commas after introductory elements | 11/18/2012
Commas or no Commas? 2/22/2012 EXERCISE
How to punctuate serial adjectives | 2/10/2012
Compound sentences – how to punctuate | 11/18/2012
Joseph Donovan’s 2-page punctuation cheat sheet | 12/17/2013
Oxford comma | 3/5/2012
Oxford comma redux | 6/26/2012
Rachel Ray magazine cover sans commas | 6/13/2012
Using commas to make yourself clear | 9/21/2012
The Guardian‘s 2-page punctuation cheat sheet | 9/17/2013
“The semicolon is your friend” | 10/12/2012
We invited the strippers, JFK and Lenin. | 9/10/2012
Why we need to recognize clauses | 2/19/2014

Prepositions & prepositional phases
‘A new preposition is born’ | 10/6/2012
How many prepositions does the English language have? | 8/31/2012
Online preposition quiz with/answers at Big Dog Grammar

Psychology of reading
“Reading literature makes us smarter and nicer” | 9/15/2013

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Quizzes
Restrictive vs nonrestrictive clauses – Online quiz with answers | 2/24/2012

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Readings
This is the house that Jack built 2/8/2012

Relative pronouns
Relative pronouns used in restrictive clauses (from the OWL) | 9/18/2013

Restrictive and nonrestrictive elements
2 tests 12/7/2012
How many boyfriends? 12/7/2012

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7 basic sentence patterns
5 + 2: the 7 “canonical” sentence patterns of English 9/9/2012
SVA (Subject+Verb+Adverbial) sentences 11/14/2012
SVO vs SVC 9/11/2012

10 basic sentence patterns
10 basic sentence patterns – Martha Kolln  5/2/2012

SAT prep
Dangling participles and modifiers 4/23/2013

Sentence combining
Simple | Compound | Complex | Compound-Complex Sentences 10/16/2012
Simple | Compound | Complex Sentences 2/3/2013
Combining sentences using restrictive and nonrestrictive clauses 10/3/2012
Two sentences into one  9/21/2012

Sentence diagramming
Capitol Community College sentence diagramming reference
Basic Sentence Parts and Patterns
Sentence Types and Clause Configuration

Sentence parsing
How Winston Churchill learned English 3/30/2012

Sentences
Sentence fragments: pro and con 3/24/2012
Simple, compound, complex sentences – short examples 2/3/2013

Success
80% of success is showing up 11/14/2012

Subject-verb agreement
“There is” versus “there are” 11/24/2012

Student work
A fantastic thesis statement by JG | 3/27/2014
A terrific 2-sentence pair by SY | 3/3/2014
A terrific zoonoses sentence | 2/15/2012
An excellent use of the semicolon by NT | 3/30/2014
DT’s astute observation (reflexive pronouns) | 10/10/2012
JD’s sentences | 4/25/2012 
A good observation by JP | 12/20/2013
JT’s admirable sentence | 3/5/2012
MO’s paragraph expressing concession | 4/29/2012
NV’s perfect paragraph | 4/25/2012
RV writes a sentence with a relative clause | 10/29/2013
SI uses nevertheless to concede a point | 10/19/2012
SM’s cohesive passage | 3/30/2012
SM’s sophisticated sentence | 10/2/2012
Student revisions of “getting chilled” passage | 11/14/2012
Terrific “predicate-to-subject” cohesion by MC | 3/29/2014

Summary
SUMMARY – past tense – The Lost Horse – summary written in past tense 3/27/2012
SUMMARY – present tense – The Lost Horse – summary written in present tense 3/28/2012

Syntax: Phrases, Clauses, Sentences, Sentence Fragments, etc.
Adjective, Adjective phrase, Adjective clause 3/4/2012
What is an adjective clause? (short and sweet) 2/29/2012
Phrase vs Clause 2/24/2012
Sentence fragments 3/27/2012
How many sentence fragments do professional writers use? 9/25/2012
Sentence fragments: pro and con 3/24/2012
Syntactically ambiguous headlines – EXERCISE 9/8/2012
What is syntax? (very short) 4/4/2012

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Talking vs. writing*writing v. talking*
Complex ideas require a strong command of sentence structure 9/3/2013
Linguist Jim Miller on talking vs writing 3/31/2012
Serving chili (transcript) 9/13/2012
Talking is old, writing is new (comma splice intentional) 4/24/2012
Transcript of a British conversation 9/9/2012
Written language took centuries to develop 4/3/2012

Tense
2 tenses in English 3/24/2012
Tense consistency – Hansel and Gretel & present tense 11/26/2012

Tests & review
Test on 10.1.2013 – what you should know for this course | 10.1.2013

Text Reconstruction
A simple text reconstruction exercise 9/23/2012
How Ben Franklin taught himself to write 3/30/2012

Thesis statement & topic sentences
Wendy Ward on the topic sentence & the thesis statement | 9/11/2013
What is a thesis statement? 4/25/2012
SR’s excellent question | 2/4/2014
Terrific 3-part thesis statement (EXEMPLAR)  11/30/2012
Where does the thesis statement go?   4/4/2012 
Where does the thesis statement go? part 2 9/29/2012

Transitions
Transitional words – HANDOUT 11/29/2012

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Unconscious knowledge of grammar
Jack Lynch on the rules 4/25/2012

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Verbs
23 auxiliary verbs 10/22/2012
Finite and nonfinite verbs 10/22/2012
Huddleston and Pullum on auxiliary verbs | 9/18/2013

Videos
Zen Master (“The Lost Horse”) | 2/24/2014

Vocabulary
Chimera and centaur | 11/13/2013
Common Latin terms we use in English writing | 9/23/2013

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What writers read
Amy Tan on the books of her childhood | 11/15/2013

Writers on writing
Bird by bird 4/12/2012
Fun advice from a “veteran drudge” 8/20/2013

Writing
5-paragraph essays
Simple scheme for 5-paragraph essay 9/26/2012
What is writing made of? 12/21/2012
And see: Conclusions Conclusions
And see: Joseph Williams on writing Joseph Williams on writing
And see: Talking v. writing Talking v. writing
How not to write 11/30/2012

Writing Center (Center for Academic Excellence)
3 steps, 3 appointments at the Center for Academic Excellence | 9/12/2013

Writing is thinking
Complex ideas require a strong command of sentence structure 9/3/2013

Writing – sentences to use in college writing
70 useful sentences in academic writing | 8/26/2013

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X-1-2-3
William J. Kerrigan on learning to swim & learning to write 3/21/2012
X-1-2-3 the 6 steps | 2/8/2012
William J. Kerrigan on Step 6 10/1/2012
More on Step 6 10/10/2012
X-1-2-3 posts at Cost of College 3/28/2012
X-1-2-3 sets for a classification paper 9/21/2012

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Text
Text

Short Online quiz on prepositional phrases: adjective or adverb w/answers  10/6/2012 
@hangingmodifier http://mobile.twitter.com/#!/HangingModifier
Legal writing – Thurgood Marshall Law School “Legal Writing Tips”
The What and How of Legal Writing
Macro/Micro Organization…Using Marginalia
Developing a Didactic Style…Using Internal Cueing
Using Introductory “Set-Ups”
Using Thesis Statements
Using Writing Road Maps
Using Headings and Subheadings
Writing Good Paragraphs with Topic Sentences
Using Transitions Effectively
Dealing with Problems that Affect a Text’s Readability–The Overuse (or the Inadvertent Use) of the Passive Voice
Dealing with Problems of Sentence Length
Dealing with “Left-Handed” Sentences
Dealing with Faulty Parallelism
Superordination/Subordination/Coordination
The Functional Roles of Sentences
A Quick Reference Guide to Make Page Numbers Line Up
Some Helpful Texts for Law Students: A Book to Help Deal with Legalese and a Booklet to Help Deal with Law School Stress
A Helpful New Text for Law Students: The New Edition of the AWLD Citation Manual is Released
Some Helpful Texts for Law Students: Writing a Legal Memo and Pass the Bar!

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